True-False Quiz Answers

1. Moriori people were here before Māori people: False
Moriori are not an ethnically distinct group of people who inhabited Aotearoa before Māori came. The word 'Moriori' describes the people of Rekohu (the Chatham Islands) who came from the same people as Māori. They migrated to Rekohu from the North Island - subsequently their culture and language developed differently in isolation. More

2. Māori protest over land and other justice issues started about 40 years ago: False
Māori protests began in 1840 when the Government first began to act in ways not consistent with Māori understanding of the Waitangi agreement. These protests took the form of letters, petitions, deputations and delegations, and direct action (such as Hone Heke's cutting down of the flagstaff at Korerareka). More

3. The first education system here was set up by European missionaries: False
Like all cultures, tangata whenua already had their own systems of education - the missionaries brought a western model of schooling which included the written word. More

4. The Māori King, Te Arikinui Tūheitia, speaks for all Māori people: False
The Māori king is the leader of the Kingitanga movement. He is a descendant of Potatau Te Wherowhero, the first Maori king, from the Waikato. As a high-ranking ariki he, along with the institution of Kingitanga, is respected by many other iwi. More

5. The Waitangi Tribunal makes final decisions about claims under the Treaty of Waitangi: False
The Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, which established the Tribunal, specifically stated that the Tribunal may only make recommendations to the Government. The Government then makes the final decision about what action, if any, to take. More

6. The Treaty of Waitangi is generally recognised as law in NZ Courts: False
It effectively remains outside the law until incorporporated into statute, and then it is recognised by the courts only in relation to Acts that specify it. Those Acts generally refer to ‘principles’ rather than the Treaty itself. More

7. A Māori person wrote the Māori Text of the Treaty and a missionary wrote the English version: False
An English missionary, Henry Williams, wrote the Māori text, and an English law clerk wrote the English Version after the Treaty was signed on February 6 1840. More

8. Discrimination against Māori people has never been legal in New Zealand: False
One of the clearest examples was in 2004 with the passing of the Foreshore and Seabed Act. The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination told the NZ Government that the legislation contained discriminatory aspects against Māori customary titles over the foreshore and seabed, and that it had failed to provide a guaranteed right of redress for the loss. More

9. Most of the land taken from Māori people was confiscated by the Government as a result of the land wars: False
The New Zealand Government confiscated 1.5 million acres in Taranaki, Waikato, Tauranga and the Bay of Plenty under the 1863 Land Settlements Act. Originally it took over 3 million acres to punish the ‘rebels’ in the land wars but this action contained so many irregularities that it returned half of this. This amount was relatively small compared to the amount taken by legislation over the 70 years that followed. More

10. The Treaty is an agreement between Māori and Pākehā: False
 A Treaty is a political agreement between sovereign nations - in this case between some Māori hapū and the British Government - and not a cultural agreement between peoples. More

11. Abel Tasman discovered this place: False
Many Māori explorers were here long before Abel Tasman in 1642. The first migrants from Eastern Polynesia arrived by canoe between AD 800 and AD 900. The best-known navigators from the early period of exploration were Toi and Kupe. A second wave of settlement had occurred by 1100. More

12. The Māori Affairs Department was set up in 1953 to give assistance to Māori people: False
The Māori Affairs Department’s function was to implement government policy regarding Māori, which has often been contrary to what Māori consider to be in their best interests. A significant purpose of the Maori Affairs Department, set out by the Māori Affairs Act of 1953, was to speed up alienation of land in Māori title. More

13.Past Injustices have nothing to do with the present because we didn't do those things and we can't change history: False
It is true that we didn't do those things but many of us have benefitted from those actions and continue to benefit today. As a nation we live with the consequences of the past. More

14. Pākehā don't have a culture: False
A culture is a lifestyle shared by a large group of people so everyone has one. In a situation where one culture is dominant it can be taken for granted to the extent that it seems normal - for this reason it may be invisible to its members. More